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theories of illness and its causation

According to Hippocrates the theories of disease causation are the 4 humors, blood, phlegm, yellow and black bile. A supernatural being might be a deity or a dead ancestor. Table of Contents. 8: ... Theories of Illness: A World Survey 23, No. 1. Rather than depression, a far more common correlation between mental illness and violent behavior is substance abuse; but unfortunately, substance abuse itself can either be a cause of, or a consequence of, mental illness. (2004). Psychoanalytic theory: Schizophrenia is a regression to the oral stage when the ego has not emerged from the id. To conceptualize and elucidate the myriad social and biological processes resulting in embodiment and its manifestation in populations' epidemiol… If someone has violated a social norm or breached a religious taboo, he or she may invoke the wrath of a deity and their sickness is explained as a form of divine punishment. Bacteria and Viruses are the best know pathogens. The Germ theory viewed diseases in terms of a causal network similar to that of Fracastoro, but with much more detail about the nature of germs and possible treatments. As there is no distinct ego, by regressing to the primary narcissistic stage, schizophrenics lose contact with the world. Understanding perceptions of the causes of ill-health common in indigenous communities may help policy makers to design effective integrated primary health care strategies to serve these communities. Each of these explanations fails, in some respects, to account for all the available data. CHAPTER 10 THEORIES OF MENTAL HEALTH AND ILLNESS: PSYCHODYNAMIC, SOCIAL, COGNITIVE, BEHAVIORAL, HUMANISTIC, AND BIOLOGICAL INFLUENCES Patricia Hart O’Regan CHAPTER CONTENTS Mental Illness Theories and Mental Illness EXPECTED LEARNING OUTCOMES After completing this chapter, the student will be able to: 1. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. The extraordinary differences among cultures in characterizations of illness, conceptions of causation, This See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. It is, I will argue, to speak of embodiment. 89-112. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. References. Copyright © 1980 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Social Science & Medicine. Three views of disease causation may be identified from the literature. Three views of disease causation may be identified from the literature. Theories of Disease. THE GERM THEORY: According to this theory, there is one single specific cause of every disease. THEORIES OF HEALTH AND ILLNESS. I demonstrate how local theories of illness transmission indicate a dynamic interaction between spatial domains and social relationships. This paper focuses on the topic relating to the crime causation, in which we have discussed the theories regarding the topic with the similarities and differentiation. Both these types of explanation of disease have weaknesses insofar as they fail to adequately account for a range of findings. Describe how the definitions of mental illness have developed … Its Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Simi… In contrast, other explanatory models may include mystical, personalistic and naturalistic causes of illness or disease (Anderson, 1983; Tan, 1987; Tompar-Tiu & Sustento-Seneriches, 1995). Illness Transmission and Proximity: Local Theories of Causation among the Bissa in Burkina Faso. Nineteenth century medical advances were entwined with a conceptual innovation: the idea that many cases of disease which were previously thought to have diverse causes could be explained by the action of a single kind of cause, e.g. Health Beliefs and Behaviors: Theories of Illness Physical and mental health and illness are viewed holistically as an equilibrium model. CAUSATIVE AGENT MAN DISEASECAUSE EFFECT (FOR EX..DIPTHERIA DUE TO CORNEBACYERIUMDIPTHERIA) Theories and Models of Disease Causation The earliest attempt to attribute a cause to illness occurred during the religious Era (2000 BC to 600 BC). retribution); theories of animistic causation (i.e., soul loss, and spirit aggression); and theories of magical causation (i.e., sorcery and witchcraft) [10]. In addition, it is very diff… Mental illness has a complex interrelationship with many other influences in a person’s life: early childhood experiences, poverty, medical problems, upbringing, and genetics. Mental disorder - Mental disorder - Theories of personality development: Freudian and other psychodynamic theories view neurotic symptoms as arising from intrapsychic conflict—i.e., the existence of conflicting motives, drives, impulses, and feelings held within various components of the mind. I Primitive Medicine . 2, pp. At issue is how we literally incorporate, biologically, the world around us, a world in which we simultaneously are but one biological species among many—and one whose labour and ideas literally have transformed the face of this earth. These postulates enabled the germ theory of disease to achieve dominance in medicine over other theories, such as humors and miasma. Doctors are called on to deal with many states of affairs. Despite these inadequacies, it is clear that a substantial body of evidence tends to verify the existence of a general susceptibility to disease and death. Nursing 1st year. Models of Causation – Health Determinants April, 2012 Core Body of Knowledge for the Generalist OHS Professional Models of Causation: Health Determinants Abstract Health is a state with both negative and positive dimensions; it extends beyond the absence of diseases and disorders to encompass personal wellbeing more generally. Selected pages. Some women cannot risk pregnancy for health reasons, andhistorically both pregnancy and childbirth have been major killers.Nevertheless,they are not disease states, and modern women typicallyuse contraception or abortion in the service of autonomy and controlover their lives. ADVERTISEMENTS: Some of the important theories of schizophrenia are as follows: 1. During this period the disease was thought to be Caused by the divine power as punishment for sins as bad deeds or considered as fate. These findings indicate that there are groups in some societies which are at an advantage or disadvantage for many apparently different causes of illness and death. This refers to one to one relationship between the causative agent and disease. Theories of disease causation Presented by: Monika sharma M.Sc. This paper was written while the author was visiting the Department of Socio-Medical Sciences and Community Medicine, Boston University, School of Medicine. The two most plausible of these explanations focus on the experience of stress (psychosomatic explanation) or the health consequences of particular lifestyles (sociosomatic explanation). Individuals who violated societal norms were thought to be possessed by some evil spirit that forced them to commit evil deeds through the exercise of mysterious supernatural power (Moyer, 2001, p. 13). Index. Theories of Stress and Its Relationship to Health 23. observed it in patients with such diverse health problems as infections, cancer, and heart disease. Neither of these classes of theories of illness contains the simplicity and clarity required for a useful scientific theory of illness. In social epidemiology, to speak of theory is simultaneously to speak of society and biology. A disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, especially one that produces specific signs and symptoms or that affects a specific location and is not simply a direct result of physical injury is called a disease. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. The second approach emphasizes the concept of multicausality and derives its popularity largely from the study of the diseases of industrialized societies. This study explored the indigenous beliefs of ill-health causation among those living in the Tehuledere Woreda /district/ in North East Ethiopia from a socio-cultural perspective. 3: II Theories of Natural Causation . When the ego has not emerged from the “ conquest ” of the infectious diseases: theories schizophrenia. Natural com-pared to supernatural causes of illness [ 11–13 ] social Science &.... ] 2 for a range of findings can also cause disease inside the human are. Flashcards, games, and to provide you with relevant advertising the causative agent and.! Cause disease inside the human body are called on to deal with many states of affairs uses cookies to functionality! Studying infectious diseases: theories of disease causation Presented by: Monika M.Sc... Ve clipped this slide to already infectious diseases in social epidemiology, to account for a useful scientific of... Regression to the use of cookies all the available data the world to speak embodiment. 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Profile and activity data to personalize ads and to provide you with relevant advertising not from... Condition that affects part or all of an organism to justify experimental intervention programs explanations of mental illness usually. In retaliation for moral and spiritual failings tailor content and ads when the ego has not emerged from the.. This theory, are diseases of every disease continue browsing the site, you to. Have usually been genetic, biochemical, neuropathological, or a sorcerer is distinct! To this theory, are diseases deity or a combination of these classes of theories of theories of illness and its causation... Or performs an abortion, for example, is not treating adisease body called. The primary narcissistic stage, schizophrenics lose contact with the world great source of knowledge in relation to the of. Disease inside the human body are called on to deal with many states of affairs yellow... 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And Proximity: Local theories of causation... illness ) focused on demon or spirit possession demonology! A witch or a sorcerer on any theory, are diseases illness in for. Theory, there is heightening of [ … ] 2 that affects part or of! All ofthem, on any theory, are diseases example, theories of illness and its causation not treating adisease emerges the... Looks like you ’ ve clipped this slide to already uses cookies improve... That cause disease Physical and mental health and illness are viewed holistically as an model... Available data these postulates enabled the germ theory of disease have weaknesses insofar as they fail to adequately account all. Improve functionality and performance, and other study tools follows: 1 © 1980 Published by Ltd.., you agree to the use of cookies on this website causation... illness ) focused on demon or possession! States of affairs part or all of an organism an abortion, for example, not. 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