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individual selection in biology definition

n. 1. In biology, it refers less to how healthy an individual is, and more to the number of babies he or she makes. If all the individuals in a population reduced their rate of reproduction because of limited food resources, one could argue either way. The selection of plants and seeds usually takes into consideration such factors as potential yield and resistance to disease and pests. Kin selection and group selection argue that although the fitness of the individual is decreased, the fitness of the group improves, so the trait of altruism will be passed down to future generations. In general selection at the level of the individual would be much stronger than selection at the level of groups. In keeping with Williams' claim that one should always seek the simplest explanation for selective/adaptive explanations, individual selection is usually sufficient to account for patterns. Natural selection is the mechanism that causes evolutionary change, helping organisms adapt to their environment. Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace published simultaneous papers in the subject in 1858, and Darwin subsequently published many additional works on evolution and natural selection. Directional selection is one of three widely studied types of natural selection, in addition to stabilizing selection and disruptive selection. Directional selection is a type of natural selection in which the phenotype (the observable characteristics) of the species tends toward one extreme rather the mean phenotype or the opposite extreme phenotype. We propose a definition based instead on the evolutionary criteria of alignment of fitness, export of fi … Chapter four put the debate into perspective: organismal adaptations were a result of either genic selection (individual selection or organic selection) or group selection (biotic selection). “Adaptation at … Learn what you need to get good grades in Biology classes. In stabilizing selection, the median phenotype is the one selected for during natural selection. Most biologists implicitly define an individual organism as "one genome in one body." In mass selection, a large number of homotypic plants that have a number of superior features are segregated. This does not skew the bell curve in any way. Azcolvin429 (Selection_Types_Chart.png) / GFDL. Memorize important Biology terms, definitions, diagrams and concepts. Study Biology topics like Anatomy, Cell Biology and Genetics. Individual selection synonyms, Individual selection pronunciation, Individual selection translation, English dictionary definition of Individual selection. Evolutionary biologists, who study natural selection and how it chooses individuals for reproductive success, need to figure out what constitutes the individual being selected. Discover popular Biology study sets on Quizlet. The act of selecting something: looked at the pears and made a careful selection. Individual versus Group in Natural Selection. The most common of the types of natural selection is stabilizing selection. Definition of Biological Fitness This definition is based on physiological and genetic criteria, but it is problematic for colonial organisms. But the Wilsons did offer some guidelines in the December 2007 issue of Quarterly Review of Biology. Prepare for Biology homework and exams with free online flashcards, diagrams, study guides and practice tests. 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